The European cat, or "European Shorthair", is as it's name suggests, from Europe. It is characterised by its natural traits, having never been crossed with other breeds. It is often confused with a moggy cat.
It is a cat which has many qualities, being both independent and very sociable.
History of the European Cat
Also known as the "European Shorthair" or "Celtic Shorthair", the European cat is originally from Europe. It is considered as the ancestor and model of the common cats of Europe. Before them, it was the British Shorthair who held this role.
They are considered a natural breed with their history dating back to the Iron Age. In fact, skeletons of this cat were found in Toulouse, Lutetia, and England.
They were very popular with the romans and it was Julius Caesar's conquests that spread the breed all over Europe.
First considered as a ratter, then stigmatised by the Catholic church who associated it with the Devil, the breed regained its nobility in the sixteenth century.
After this, cat shows were born, and the European Shorthair was introduced to the public. They are one of the oldest cat breeds in the United Kingdom.
What makes this breed so unique is that he has never been interfered with by man.
The breed developed in a natural fashion, and it's this authenticity that makes the breed so popular today, especially in Scandinavian countries.
However, in other parts of the world, the appearance of new breeds diminished their popularity, being considered ordinary.
In the United States and United Kingdom, their fall in popularity is due to the fact that both countries have their own natural cat breed: the American Shorthair and British Shorthair.
Moreover, the European cat is often confused with the moggy cat, which is also not very popular.
It was officially renamed "European Shorthair" in 2007.
Perhaps the European's cat best quality is the fact that they don't resemble any other breed of cat. They certainly share the same characteristics as a common house cat, but the breed standards are unique to them as they have never been crossed with other breeds.
It's a natural cat that has developed its physical characteristics without human's intervening with their genetics.
Their defining physical trait is that they're a balanced cat with no exaggerated physical traits.
They have a semi-foreign body type and are medium in size. Their chest is large and well developed, and their sexual dimorphism is very distinct meaning it's easy to tell males apart from females and vice versa.
Their neck is also of average size, being supple and muscular.
Their legs are medium sized, strong and solid with round paws.
Their head is quite round, being longer than it is large and their cheeks are well developed. The European cat's nose is straight and also averagely sized.
Their eyes are round and medium size. They are slightly slanted and their color varies from orange to yellow to green. Breed standards state that they must be as bright and uniform as possible.
The European's cats ears are averagely sized and slightly rounded at the tip.
Their fur is short and dense. They have an undercoat but it isn't very developed. Their fur is shiny.
An adult European cat measures around 30cm in height and weighs around 3,5 to 7 kilos.
Source : Wikipedia
All colours are accepted by breed standards for the European cat except, chocolate, lilac, cinnamon and fawn. Colorpoint, mink and sepia are also forbidden. Generally speaking, the tabby coat colour is the most common.
The European Shorthair is renown for its balanced temperament. They're an independent breed that doesn't need lots of attention. However, they are still very affectionate and love cuddling and sharing moments of tenderness with their humans.
The European cat or kitten is a big adventurer, meaning that it is very important to have an outdoor space for them to blow off some steam, hunt and climb trees in. This is where he'll be at his happiest.
They are also a very possessive and territorial cat and will not hesitate to hesitate to defend themselves should such a situation arise.
They are a highly intelligent breed with a great ability to adapt to new and different environments.
Health and care
The European Shorthair is a very balanced and robust cat. They are not prone to any particular diseases. However, if they frequently go outside, it is important to vaccinate them and regularly check their health with a vet.
They live an average of 12 to 20 years.
The European's fur doesn't require much upkeep with a weekly brush sufficing. This will allow their hair to stay shiny, soft and in good health.