The Top 5 Most Common Genetic Diseases In Dogs And What You Need To Know About Them

Andrea A.

While all dog lovers do the best they can to take care of their favorite canine companions, all dogs, regardless of their breed or upbringing, are at risk of genetic disease. While there is no exact science to predict or prevent these illnesses, it is possible to anticipate certain common illnesses to be able to act quickly if they appear.Here are the top five most frequent genetic diseases in dogs:1. Kidneys stones

Source: Martin Valigursky

This disease is most commonly found is Dalmatians, Newfoundlands, Bichon frises and miniature Schnauzers, but all dogs are susceptible to developing kidney stones. The illness can be asymptomatic or can cause accidents, difficulty urinating or even blood in urine. Your veterinarian will be able to test for these stones using an ultrasound or sonogram.Treatment for kidney stones can vary from a simple diet to surgery. If your dog is more predisposed than others to suffer from this disease, make sure that they follow a healthy diet and have regular checkups at the veterinary clinic.2. Epilepsy

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Epilepsy can be difficult to diagnose in dogs. Some breeds such as German Shepherds, Beagles, Daschunds, Labradors and Golden Retrievers are more likely than others to develop epilepsy. Anticonvulsion medicine can help ease the symptoms of this disease for your dog, but as of yet, there is no cure.3. Hip dysplasia

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Large breeds, such as German Mastiffs, Golden Retrievers, Rottweilers and Saint Bernards and the most likely to develop this joint problem. Animals who suffer from dysplasia will have difficulty walking and climbing stairs.Keeping your dog at a healthy weight will help to prevent this illness. There are various treatments including drugs and physical therapy which can relieve your dog of some symptoms, but in some cases, surgery can be necessary.4. Degenerative myelopathy

Source: Danelle Brown

The breeds most affected by this disease are German Shepherds, Corgis, Bernese Mountain Dogs, Chesapeake Bay Retrievers and Pugs. Degenerative myelopathy is most common in senior dogs and degrades nerve tissue. Animals suffering from this disease suffer from weakened hind legs, difficulty standing up or even paralysis.There is currently no treatment for this genetic disease. Dogs affected can develop mobility and incontinence issues, and while it is not painful, it is very important that pet owners give all the attention and care needed to ensure that their dog has the highest possible quality of life.5. Brachycephalic Syndrome

Source: Guide du chien

Dogs with short muzzles, like English Bulldogs, French Bulldogs, Pugs and Shih Tzus are very prone to respiratory problems. These breeds are often born with palate, nostril as well as narrowed tracheas andeverted laryngeal saccules.Dogs with short snouts may have difficulty exercising and will be more sensitive to heat. Their respiratory conditions can be improved with surgical procedures.

H/t: I Heart Dogs

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